The Information Technology (IT) area, which was already undergoing an important expansion with the normal technological advance, suffered a big boom with the arrival of the covid-19 pandemic. Suddenly, companies in all segments had to adapt to the new reality of remote work and the increased use of software for delivery and purchasing.
Only in the first year of the pandemic, the number of vacancies for the IT area grew 670%, according to data from the job site Catho; in São Paulo, the growth was 600%. With vacancies left, the professionals of the area can “choose” the job and, unfortunately, Brazilian companies dispute the professionals with foreign companies that pay in dollars or euros.
With this, there is a large deficit of IT labor in Brazil, since the country trains insufficient numbers of professionals, and many prefer to work abroad. According to the Softex company, Brazil currently has about 408,000 vacancies in the IT area. However, the situation may become even more dramatic for the national job market.
The Association of Information Technology and Communication Companies (Brasscom) believes that by 2025 the deficit of IT professionals will reach almost 800,000 positions. If the situation is worrying for the companies, for the workers in the area there is a large window of opportunity. With salaries well above the national average, they can choose the companies and functions that suit them best.
Programmers are some of the most sought-after professionals in the field. Their job is to write, in different languages understood by computers, the commands that are used by the common user.
Despite being a position that needs a strong command of Exact Sciences, many times a college degree is not a requirement, since the most important thing is to know how to program in different languages such as C, .NET, Python, and PHP.
This professional works alongside programmers, but in a more creative way, developing programs and applications that solve the demands of companies and clients.
Normally, to work in this position, higher level diplomas are required, such as a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and Software Engineering. Often, however, free courses in the area and a demonstration of competence are enough to secure a job.
Another fast-growing field is user experience (UX) design, concerned with how to create a good interface between programming and user experience. With the migration of the most diverse services to the digital realm, these professional thinks and develops interfaces that improve not only the layout for the user, but also the interaction with the services offered.
Database Administrator (DBA)
Information is the new commodity. Increasingly, companies need to deal with frightening amounts of information, and it is no use if it is not stored in an organized manner.
This is where the DBA comes in, the professional responsible for structuring a robust, complete, and understandable database of information stored and used by companies. He also monitors the corporate data, ensuring that the processes occur correctly, and that the information is not exposed to unauthorized users.
This is the professional who analyzes, interprets, and makes big data understandable to people outside the area, referring to the data sets collected and maintained by the company. Often, he is the one who provides subsidies for the company’s decisions to be taken correctly.
The data analyst may have a more generic IT background, such as Computer Science, a more specific data background, such as Management Information Systems (MIS) or Information Science, or even other areas that allow better data analysis, such as Mathematics and Statistics.
Mobile Application Developer
Those who think that this developer only creates “games” for the cell phone (although this is an extremely lucrative area) are wrong. With more and more essential services migrating to the palm of their hands, these professionals can work to create and improve applications for companies, such as e-commerce, ride-hailing and communication apps, and even for various levels of government, such as digital documents, service scheduling, and information gathering.
Source: Sydle, Eletra, Forbes, Economic News Brazil, Giz Modo, CNN, Olhar Digital, Brasil mais Digital